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Xyzal

XYZAL

Xyzal (levocetirizine) is indicated for the symptomatic treatment of allergic rhinitis, including persistent allergic rhinitis, and urticaria.

Xyzal

The generic name of Xyzal is levocetrizine dihydrochloride. The active component of Xyzal oral solution and tablets i.e. levocetrizine dihydrochloride is an orally active antagonist of H1-receptor.

Composition of Xyzal

The chemical formula of Xyzal is C21H25ClN2O3-2HCl and molar mass of 461.82 g/mol. It is water soluble and is a white powder in the form of crystals. Xyzal 5 mg capsules are formulated as white, oval-shaped, immediate release, film-coated scored tablets meant for oral administration. Xyzal 0.5 mg/mL oral solution is formulated as a clear, immediate release, colorless liquid.

Uses of Xyzal

This is an antihistamine drug which is used to provide relief from some allergic manifestations such as runny nose, watery eyes, itching nose/ eyes, hives, itching and sneezing. This medication works by stopping a particular natural substance i.e. histamine which is produced inside the body during an allergy. Xyzal is used to treat seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and kids above 6 months of age. It is known to relieve the symptoms of the allergic rhinitis. It is also indicated for the cure of the general skin symptoms of chronic idiopathic urticaria.

How to Use

This medicine has to administered orally with or without food generally once in a day in the evening time. If the drug is taken in the liquid form, then the dose should be measured carefully with a spoon. Household spoon is not recommended for this purpose.

Side-Effects of Xyzal

Drowsiness, dry mouth or tiredness may occur. In children, cough or fever may also occur. Several people don't face any risk of serious side effects. Inform your physician/doctor immediately if you observe any adverse side-effects like:

  • Weakness
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Serious allergy
  • Severe dizziness
  • Rashes
  • Trouble breathing
  • Swelling/itching of tongue or face or throat.
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Dyspnea
  • Hepatitis
  • Tachycardia
  • Palpitations
  • Vertigo
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Pruritus
  • Angioedema
  • Tremor
  • Dysgeusia
  • Movement disorders
  • Dysuria
  • Myalgia
  • Urinary retention
  • Arthralgia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Paraesthesia
  • Increased appetite
  • Hallucinations
  • Insomnia
  • Agitation
  • Blurred visions
  • Visual disturbances
  • Depression
  • Visual disturbances

Contraindications

Let the doctor know if you are allergic to hydroxyzine or cetrizine or any other allergic reactions. The product may consist of inactive ingredients which can cause allergies. Tell your doctor about your past medical conditions, particularly of: kidney disease, difficulty in urinating due to an oversized prostate. Drug interactions have a huge possibility to change the working procedure of your medicine or increase the chances of side-effects. Inform your pharmacist/doctor if you are consuming other substance which cause drowsiness like any other antihistamines, sleeping pills, muscle relaxants, narcotic pain killers or alcohol.

Pregnancy and Xyzal

Xyzal should be consumed during the pregnancy phase only when it is an emergency. This drug is excreted into the human milk. Therefore before breast-feeding, consult your physician/doctor. Use of Xyzal is not recommended in nursing mothers.

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