Yasmin, also known as drospirenone & ethinyl estradiol is a medication which prevents ovulation of the egg from the ovary along with causing changes to the cervical & uterine lining such that it becomes hard for the sperm to reach uterus & harder for the fertilized egg to connect to the uterus. Basically Yasmin is used as a contraception for prevention of pregnancy.
Composition of Yasmin
The active ingredient for Yasmin includes Drospirenone. This ingredient is a progestational synthetic compound having a molecular weight of 366.5 &a molecular formula of C24H30O3
The other active ingredient in Yasmin includes ethinyl estradiol. It is an estrogenic synthetic compound having a molecular weight of 296.4 &a molecular formula of C20H24O2.
Uses of Yasmin
Yasmin, the combination of two hormones - estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) & progestin (drospirenone) is a product used in the prevention of pregnancy. This medication also helps women regularize their periods, decrease blood loss during painful periods & decrease the risk of ovarian cyst.
Side Effects of Yasmin
The side effects of Yasmin include:
• Problem in breathing
• Swelling on the face
• Problem in holding the balance
• Sudden coughing or wheezing
• Rapid breathing
• Coughing up of blood
• Pain in both the legs
• chest pain
• feeling of heaviness
• general ill feeling
• migraine headaches
• Stomach pain
• tired feeling
• darkening of the urine
• swelling in hands, feet or ankle
• Mood changes
• Heaving racing of the heart
Common symptoms of Yasmin include:
• feeling tired
• weight gain
• breast tenderness
• mood changes
• Changes in the menstrual period
Contraindications of Yasmin
Smoking,while taking Yasmin can increase the risk of stroke, blood clots and heart attack. And this risk increases when the age is more than thirty five years. Yasmin should not be taken during pregnancy. If one has recently delivered, this medication needs to be avoided atleast for 4 weeks. Yasmin should be avoided in the following cases-
• Uncontrolled or untreated high blood pressure
• Having heart diseaseslike the coronary artery disease, heart attack, uncontrolled heart valve disorder, stroke, or blood clot);
• a blood circulation or clotting disorder
• problems with kidneys, eyes or circulation caused due to diabetes
• having a history of hormone associated cancer like breast or uterine
• unusual vaginal bleeding
• liver disease
• severe migraine headaches
Pregnancy and Yasmin
Drospirenone-ethinyl estradiol is assigned the pregnancy category X which means this medication should never be used during pregnancy.
Desogen is used for preventing pregnancy. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Levlen is a contraceptive (birth control). It may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Ortho Tri-Cyclen is used for preventing pregnancy. It may also be used to regulate menstrual cycle or to treat symptoms of menopause.
Ovral is used for birth control. It may also be used to regulate menstrual cycle, or for treatment of other conditions as determined by your doctor.