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Common Painkiller Medications

Pain is a very common symptom of many ailments. It is considered to be an unpleasant sensation that can be of very high intensities. Some of the common sites where pain is observed include tongue, stomach, joint pain, face, eye, back, etc. Pain can either be mild, moderate, or severe in nature. Usually taking rest or applying ice can help in getting rid of pain. But, when the pain goes out of hand and no other way can help in reducing it, people resort to painkillers. Some painkillers can be bought from any local pharmacy as over-the-counter drugs, while others may require a prescription from a medical practitioner.

For pain that are mild or moderate in nature, simple painkillers like anti-inflammatory agents and paracetamol can work in reliving the pain symptoms. Though, painkillers bring certain side effects along. Some of the common types of painkillers are mentioned below:

Over-the-counter Drugs

Many medications for relieving pain symptoms can be bought from the local pharmacy or chemist’s shop without any prescription. They include aspirin, ibuprofen, and paracetamol. They might be available without the need of any doctor’s prescription, but aren’t completely safe. They can bring about certain side effects. Hence, checking with the doctor or pharmacist is necessary if you are not sure whether the drug is safe for your condition or not. For conditions like chronic illness, or allergies, a thorough checking is extremely crucial. The pharmacists can also be of great help if you do not have the time to visit a doctor. If the pain is still persistent, contact a doctor immediately.

Aspirin

If your pain is of mild or moderate in nature, aspirin can help you deal with it. Consume it with caution when having problems like ulcers, reflux, or indigestion. Aspirin should not be given to children below the age of 16 years.

Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) which is convenient for mild or moderate pain. This medication may not be suited for people who have heart problems, asthma, high blood pressure, stomach troubles, and kidney impairment. Older people should consume oral NSAIDs.

Ibuprofen can be given to children who have symptoms of fever. But before given them, make sure that the strength of the dose is at par with the weight and age of the child.

Paracetamol

This is yet another medication which is useful for mild or moderate pain intensity. Taking higher amounts of paracetamol can lead to liver damage. It is generally used for treating cold and flu symptoms.

Prescription Painkillers
These painkillers are quite strong in nature and are used for treating severe pain symptoms. They can only be availed with the help of a doctor’s prescription.

Morphine

Morphine is a very strong painkiller which comes in the form of capsules, tablets, and patches. It is mostly used for a long-term treatment of pain. The dose and its response are usually monitored very closely.

Codeine

This drug is available in pharmacies in low doses with paracetamol combined in a single pill. For higher doses of Codeine, a prescription is necessary.


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