Alphagan is indicated for lowering eye pressure in patients with wideangle glaucoma or high blood pressure of the eye.

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Alphagan are the common trade names used for Brimonidine. They are eye drops that even go by the name Alphagan-P helping in the treatment of ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. It is also found in the form of a gel called Mirvaso which helps in reducing the facial skin redness caused by rosacea. It belongs to the pregnancy category B which shows no potential risks to the foetus.

Composition of Alphagan

The liquid in Alphagan-P has Brimonidine Tartrate as the active ingredient. The inactive ingredients are as follows:

  • Sodium hydroxide
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Purified water
  • Purite as a preservative
  • Magnesium chloride
  • Calcium chloride
  • Potassium chloride
  • Sodium chloride
  • Boric acid
  • Sodium borate
  • Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

Uses of Alphagan

Alphagan is used for the treatment of high fluid pressure in the patient's eye or open-angle glaucoma. When the high fluid pressure reduces, it helps in the reduction of risks that include nerve damage, blindness, or vision loss. Allowing a better fluid drainage and also reducing the quantity of fluid formation can lower the pressure.

In case of children less than the age of 2 years, it may result in adverse side-effects. Hence, the usage must be avoided.

Side-effects of Alphagan

There are always side-effects associated with the use of any medication. These side-effects may be adverse in some cases and hence knowledge about them is always to the patient's advantage. Some of the side-effects are mentioned below:

  • Tunnel vision
  • Swelling of eyelids
  • Tearing in the eye
  • Redness in the inner lining of the patient's eyelid or of the eye
  • Lights appearing over bright
  • Night blindness
  • Itching in the eye
  • Headache
  • Halos seen around lights
  • Double vision
  • Disturbed perception of colour
  • Excessive tearing or discharge
  • Dry, itching, or burning eyes
  • Loss or blurred vision
  • Bloody eye
  • Confusion
  • Laboured or difficult breathing
  • Blindness
  • Pain or acne in the eye
  • Faintness, light-headedness, or dizziness while getting up or sitting down
  • Fainting
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feeling of a foreign presence in the eye
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Muscle pain
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Swelling, itching, or redness of the eyelid or eye
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Skin rash
  • Breathlessness
  • Sweating
  • Seeing sparks of light
  • Wheezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Unusual weakness or tiredness
  • Tightness experienced in the chest
  • Confusion
  • Chest discomfort or pain
  • Bluish skin or lips
  • Low body temperature

Contraindications of Alphagan

Under certain conditions the patient must not be prescribed Alphagan. Some of these medical conditions are as:

  • Allergic reaction to alpha 2 adrenergic agonist
  • Depression
  • Prickling
  • Occasional numbness
  • Buerger's Disease
  • Serious problems of the blood vessels and heart

Alphagan and Pregnancy

This medication has been assigned to pregnancy category B by the FDA. Hence, if used during pregnancy the benefits will outweigh the risks.

Our every part of the body is blessing of God and eye has too much importance among all of our organs. Due to the eye vision, our whole body become disturb and some time when cannot even move from one place to other without any support. As there are many problems related to the eyes and watering eye is one of them. In some patients, liquid produced inside the eye and this process remains continuous. It creates more problems when enough water inside the eye exerts some pressure. For this purpose Alphagan is used to remove the quantity of water inside the eyes. In this way liquid pressure also reduced with the decrease amount of the liquid. Sometimes doctor recommend this medicine for some other medical uses which might be not given inside list. It is important to note that this medicine is not suitable for the children younger than 2 years old. This medicine is also known by its generic name as brimonidine. Those patients should not use this medicine if they have any type of allergic problem with brimonidine. Firstly make sure that it is completely safe for your use otherwise ask from your doctor. Patient should tell the doctor if he has any of the followings as depression, had this problem in history, low level of blood pressure, allergy and heart failure. This medicine lies in Category B in pregnancy case which means that it is not harmful for unborn baby. Although it is better to ask from doctor if patient have plan for pregnancy. Similar condition is applied on breast feeding because it is also not known that whether it passes into milk or not. Do not change the prescribed quantity of medicine and use it carefully with wash hands. Put your head down and squeeze the lower lid of the eye. Put drops of medicine inside the eye as squeezed lower lid will act as packet to hold the medicine. Close your eyes and press it with the figure. In this way liquid will able to pass inside the tear duct after a minute. Prescribed quantity of the medicine is more than enough for patient but if you want to drop one more drop of other medicine then wait for 5 minutes. Do not put the drops directly on the eye as medicines has little amount of contamination and those can create problem in your vision. If eye liquid changed into some other color or having any sort of particles then stop to use Alphagan and immediately contact to your doctor. Moreover tell your doctor if you ever had eye surgery because it is very important part of treatment. Put this medicine in room temperature and away from the approach of the children. Freezing, heating and moisture can change the medicine effects. Try to use medicine on regular basis and use the missed dose as soon as possible. Call on emergency help line in any kind of problem.

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