Glucophage is the brand name for the medication metformin, which belongs to a class of drugs known as biguanides. Metformin is primarily used to manage and control blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. It works by reducing glucose production in the liver and improving the body's response to insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar.

Drug Name: Glucophage

Active Ingredient: Metformin

Glucophage tablets



Form: Tablet

Type: Generic

Prescription Required: Rx

Availability: In Stock

In addition to its role in diabetes management, Glucophage may also be prescribed for certain medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and prediabetes.

It is important to note that Metformin is not a substitute for a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet. It is typically prescribed alongside these lifestyle modifications to achieve optimal blood sugar control.

How to use

Here are general guidelines on how to use Glucophage:

  1. Take with food: Medicine is usually taken with meals to help minimize gastrointestinal side effects.
  2. Swallow tablets whole: Take the tablets with a glass of water. Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets.
  3. Regular dosing schedule: Try to take Glucophage at the same time(s) each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in your system. This will help ensure its effectiveness in managing your blood sugar levels.
  4. Keep up with other treatment measures: Metformin is often prescribed alongside lifestyle modifications, such as regular exercise and a balanced diet.


The dosage of Glucophage can vary depending on various factors, including your medical condition, blood sugar levels, and response to the medication. Here are some general dosage guidelines:

  1. Starting dose: The typical starting dose for adults is usually 500 mg or 850 mg taken orally once daily with food.
  2. Dosage adjustments: The maximum recommended daily dose for adults is usually 2000 mg to 2500 mg, divided into two or three doses.
  3. Pediatric dosage: The dosage for children and adolescents is determined based on their age, weight, and medical condition.
  4. Renal function: If you have impaired kidney function, your healthcare provider may adjust the dosage of Glucophage to ensure its safe and effective use.

Side effects

Glucophage may cause certain side effects. While not everyone experiences these side effects, it's important to be aware of them. Common side effects include:

  1. Gastrointestinal discomfort: This is the most common side effect and may include symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, and loss of appetite. These symptoms are usually temporary and may improve over time.
  2. Metallic taste in the mouth: Some individuals may experience a metallic taste or change in taste perception while taking Glucophage.
  3. Hypoglycemia: Medicine is not known to cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) on its own. However, when taken in combination with other antidiabetic medications like insulin or sulfonylureas, it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
  4. Vitamin B12 deficiency: Long-term use of Glucophage may be associated with a decreased absorption of vitamin B12. Regular monitoring of vitamin B12 levels and consideration of supplementation may be necessary.
  5. Lactic acidosis (rare): Although rare, lactic acidosis is a serious but potentially life-threatening side effect. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience symptoms such as muscle pain, weakness, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, dizziness, or unusual fatigue.


When it comes to storing Glucophage, it's important to follow certain guidelines to ensure its effectiveness and safety. Here are the recommended storage instructions:

  1. Temperature: Store medicine at room temperature, preferably between 68°F (20°C) and 77°F (25°C).
  2. Avoid extreme temperatures: Keep the medication away from excessive heat, direct sunlight, and freezing temperatures. Do not store it in the bathroom or near sources of moisture.
  3. Original packaging: Keep Glucophage in its original packaging, such as the blister pack or pill bottle, to protect it from light and moisture.
  4. Keep out of reach of children: Store the medication in a secure location, out of the reach of children and pets, to prevent accidental ingestion.
  5. Do not transfer to other containers: Do not transfer tablets to different containers. The original packaging is designed to provide the necessary protection for the medication.
  6. Check expiration date: Always check the expiration date before using Glucophage. Do not use the medication if it has expired. Properly dispose of any expired or unused medication.


An overdose of Metformin can be serious and may require immediate medical attention. If you suspect an overdose or have taken more than the prescribed dose of Glucophage, it's important to take the following steps:

  1. Seek medical help: Contact your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room immediately. Inform them about the situation and provide details about the medication and the amount you have taken.
  2. Do not induce vomiting: Vomiting may not be effective in removing the medication from your system and can potentially cause harm.
  3. Medical monitoring: Once at the hospital, healthcare professionals will closely monitor your condition, including vital signs, blood glucose levels, and any symptoms you may be experiencing.
  4. Supportive care: Treatment for Glucophage overdose typically involves supportive care to manage symptoms and stabilize your condition. This may include intravenous fluids, electrolyte management, and close monitoring of blood glucose levels.
  5. Individualized treatment: The specific treatment for a Glucophage overdose will depend on the severity of the overdose and your overall health.

Missed Doses

If you miss a dose of Glucophage, here are some general guidelines to follow:

  1. Take it as soon as you remember: If you remember that you missed a dose and it is not too close to your next scheduled dose, take it as soon as possible. If it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule.
  2. Do not double dose: Do not take a double dose of Metformin to make up for the missed one. Taking more than the prescribed dose can increase the risk of side effects and complications.
  3. Follow your regular schedule: Continue taking Glucophage as prescribed. It's important to maintain a consistent dosing schedule to keep your blood sugar levels stable.

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