Neurontin is a brand name for the medication gabapentin. Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant drug that affects the chemicals and nerves in the body involved in seizures and certain types of pain. It is primarily used to treat epilepsy (seizure disorders) and neuropathic pain (nerve pain) caused by conditions such as diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia (nerve pain following shingles), and peripheral neuropathy.

Drug Name: Neurontin

Active Ingredient: Gabapentin

Neurontin capsules



Form: Capsule

Type: Generic

Prescription Required: Rx

Availability: In Stock

Neurontin is believed to work by modulating the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, specifically gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). By increasing GABA levels, it helps to decrease abnormal electrical activity in the brain, reducing the likelihood of seizures. In the case of neuropathic pain, gabapentin's mechanism of action is not fully understood, but it is thought to reduce the hyperexcitability of nerves and inhibit the transmission of pain signals.

Gabapentin is available in various forms, including capsules, tablets, and oral solutions.

How to use

Here are some general guidelines for using Neurontin, but please note that your specific dosage and instructions may vary:

  1. Follow the prescribed dosage: The dosage will depend on the condition being treated, your individual needs, and your response to the medication.
  2. Take it with or without food: Neurontin can be taken with or without food.
  3. Swallow the capsules or tablets whole: Take capsules or tablets with a full glass of water. Do not crush, chew, or break them.
  4. Measure liquid medication accurately: If you are using oral solution, use the provided measuring device or syringe to measure the correct dose. Shake the bottle well before each use.
  5. Stick to a consistent dosing schedule: Take Gabapentin at the same times each day to maintain consistent levels of the medication in your body. This will help ensure its effectiveness.


The dosage of Neurontin can vary depending on the condition being treated and individual factors. The information provided here is a general guideline, but it may not be applicable to everyone.

For the treatment of epilepsy (seizure disorders), the initial recommended dosage for adults is usually 300 mg taken orally three times a day. The maximum daily dosage for adults is typically 3600 mg divided into three equal doses.

For the management of neuropathic pain conditions, the recommended starting dosage for adults is usually 300 mg taken orally once a day on the first day, followed by 300 mg orally twice a day on the second day. The maximum daily dosage for neuropathic pain is typically 3600 mg, divided into three equal doses.

For children, the dosage of Neurontin is determined based on body weight and the specific condition being treated. It is important to consult with a pediatrician for appropriate dosing instructions.

It's important to note that these dosages are general recommendations and can vary depending on individual factors, such as age, overall health, and specific medical conditions.

Side effects

Neurontin can cause side effects, although not everyone experiences them. Common side effects may include:

  1. Drowsiness or sedation: Gabapentin can cause drowsiness, fatigue, or a feeling of sedation. It is important to avoid activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating machinery, if you experience these side effects.
  2. Dizziness or unsteadiness: Some individuals may experience dizziness or problems with coordination while taking Neurontin.
  3. Fatigue: Medicine can cause fatigue or a general feeling of tiredness. It is advisable to rest and take breaks as needed.
  4. Nausea and digestive issues: Neurontin may cause gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or indigestion.
  5. Peripheral edema: In some cases, Drug can lead to swelling in the hands, legs, or feet due to fluid retention.
  6. Weight gain: Weight gain is a potential side effect of Neurontin, although it does not occur in everyone.
  7. Mood changes: Some individuals may experience mood changes, including irritability, depression, or anxiety.
  8. Memory and concentration difficulties: Neurontin may affect cognitive function, causing problems with memory, concentration, or attention span.
  9. Vision changes: Rarely, Neurontin can cause visual disturbances or blurred vision.


To properly store Neurontin, follow these general guidelines:

  1. Keep in a cool, dry place: Store medicine at room temperature, away from excessive heat, moisture, and direct sunlight. Avoid storing it in the bathroom or near the kitchen sink where it may be exposed to humidity.
  2. Follow packaging instructions: Store capsules in its original packaging or container, following any specific storage instructions provided by the manufacturer or pharmacist.
  3. Keep out of reach of children and pets: Store drug in a secure location, out of sight and reach of children and pets. The medication should only be accessed and used by the intended individual under proper supervision.
  4. Protect from moisture: Ensure the packaging is tightly closed to protect the medication from moisture. If you are using a liquid formulation of Gabapentin, follow the instructions on the packaging regarding shaking the bottle before use.
  5. Do not transfer to different containers: It is recommended to keep Neurontin in its original packaging or container. Do not transfer the tablets, capsules, or liquid formulation to different containers.
  6. Check expiration date: Regularly check the expiration date on the packaging. Expired medication should not be used, and proper disposal methods should be followed.

It's important to note that these storage guidelines are general recommendations. Always refer to the specific instructions provided with your medication or consult your pharmacist if you have any doubts or concerns regarding the proper storage of Neurontin. Following proper storage practices helps ensure the medication's effectiveness and maintains its quality.


An overdose of Gabapentin can be potentially dangerous and requires immediate medical attention. If you suspect an overdose or have taken more Neurontin than prescribed, it is important to take the following steps:

  1. Seek emergency medical assistance: Contact your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room immediately. Inform them that you have taken an overdose of Neurontin.
  2. Do not induce vomiting: Vomiting may not effectively remove the medication from your system and can lead to additional complications.
  3. Receive medical treatment: Once you arrive at the healthcare facility, the medical team will assess your condition and provide appropriate treatment. They may take steps to prevent further absorption of the medication, such as administering activated charcoal or performing gastric lavage (stomach pumping).
  4. Supportive care: Depending on the severity of the overdose, supportive care may be provided to manage symptoms and monitor vital signs. This may include measures to maintain hydration, monitoring of kidney function, and addressing any complications that may arise.

It is crucial to remember that an overdose of Neurontin can have serious consequences, and prompt medical attention is necessary. If you or someone you know experiences an overdose, do not delay in seeking emergency medical help.

Missed Doses

If you miss a dose of Neurontin, here are some general guidelines to follow:

  1. Take it as soon as you remember: If you remember that you missed a dose and it is not close to the time for your next scheduled dose, take the missed dose as soon as possible.
  2. Skip the missed dose if it's almost time for the next dose: If it is close to the time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one.
  3. Do not take extra doses: Avoid taking extra doses of Gabapentin to compensate for the missed dose. Taking more than the prescribed amount can increase the risk of side effects without providing additional benefit.
  4. Continue with the regular dosing schedule: Resume taking Neurontin as prescribed. It is important to maintain a consistent dosing schedule to ensure the medication remains effective in managing your condition.

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