Paracetamol, also known as acetaminophen, is a common over-the-counter medication used to relieve pain and reduce fever. It belongs to the class of drugs known as analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers). Acetaminophen is widely available and is one of the most commonly used medications for managing mild to moderate pain and fever.

Drug Name: Paracetamol

Active Ingredient: Acetaminophen

Paracetamol tablets



Form: Tablet

Type: Generic

Prescription Required: Rx

Availability: In Stock

Paracetamol works by inhibiting the production of certain chemicals in the body that are involved in the perception of pain and the regulation of body temperature. It is generally well-tolerated and considered safe when taken as directed. However, it is important to follow the recommended dosage and precautions, as excessive or prolonged use can lead to liver damage.

Medicine is commonly used for various conditions, including headache, toothache, muscle aches, back pain, menstrual pain, and pain associated with colds and flu. It is also used to reduce fever in conditions such as common colds, influenza, and other infections.

How to use

Here are some general guidelines for using Paracetamol:

  1. Administration: Medicine is typically taken orally, either as tablets, capsules, or a liquid suspension. Follow the instructions provided on the packaging or use a measuring device to ensure accurate dosing with the liquid suspension. If using tablets or capsules, swallow them whole with a glass of water. Do not crush or chew unless specifically instructed to do so.
  2. Timing: Take Paracetamol as needed for pain relief or to reduce fever. The dosage frequency will depend on the specific product and the severity of your symptoms.
  3. Combination products: Be cautious when using combination products that contain Acetaminophen along with other active ingredients, such as cold and flu medications. Ensure you are not exceeding the maximum daily dose of Paracetamol from all sources, as this can increase the risk of liver damage.

It's important to follow certain precautions when using Paracetamol:

  • Do not exceed the recommended dosage or take it for a longer duration than advised.
  • If symptoms persist or worsen, or if new symptoms develop, seek medical advice.


The dosage of Paracetamol can vary depending on factors such as age, weight, and the formulation of the medication. Here are some general guidelines dosage:


  • Regular Strength Tablets (325-500 mg): Take 1-2 tablets every 4-6 hours, up to a maximum of 8 tablets (4,000 mg) in 24 hours.
  • Extra Strength Tablets (500-650 mg): Take 1-2 tablets every 6-8 hours, up to a maximum of 6 tablets (3,900 mg) in 24 hours.


  • The dosage for children is based on their weight. Follow the instructions on the packaging for the appropriate dosage for your child.
  • It is generally recommended to use weight-based dosing for children rather than age-based dosing.

Liquid Suspension:

  • For both adults and children, follow the instructions on the packaging for the recommended dosage based on age or weight.

Combination Products:

  • Combination products that contain Paracetamol along with other active ingredients may have specific dosing instructions.

It is important to adhere to the recommended dosages and not exceed the maximum daily dose of Paracetamol. Taking excessive amounts of Acetaminophen can lead to liver damage. If symptoms persist or worsen, or if new symptoms develop, seek medical advice.

Side effects

Paracetamol is generally considered safe when used as directed and at recommended dosages. Most people experience no side effects or only mild ones. However, in rare cases, some individuals may experience adverse reactions. Here are some potential side effects:

  1. Allergic reactions: Some people may be allergic to Paracetamol and may experience symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, or difficulty breathing. Seek medical attention immediately if you experience any signs of an allergic reaction.
  2. Liver damage: Taking excessive doses of Acetaminophen or using it for a prolonged period can potentially cause liver damage. It is crucial to follow the recommended dosage and not exceed the maximum daily dose. Individuals with existing liver problems or those who consume alcohol regularly should be cautious when using this drug.
  3. Blood disorders: Although rare, Paracetamol has been associated with a very low risk of blood disorders, such as low platelet count or decreased white blood cell count.

Additionally, Paracetamol is generally considered safer than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for individuals who are unable to take NSAIDs due to factors such as gastrointestinal issues or blood-thinning medications.


To properly store Paracetamol and ensure its effectiveness and safety, it's important to follow these general guidelines:

  1. Store at room temperature: Keep tablets at a controlled room temperature between 20°C and 25°C (68°F and 77°F). Avoid exposure to excessive heat or cold.
  2. Protect from moisture: Store Paracetamol in a dry place, away from moisture. Avoid storing it in the bathroom or any other area with high humidity. Moisture can degrade the medication and reduce its effectiveness.
  3. Keep away from light: Medicine should be stored in a place away from direct sunlight or intense light exposure. Exposure to light can also compromise the quality and potency of the medication.
  4. Childproof storage: Ensure that Acetaminophen is stored in a secure place out of the reach and sight of children and pets. It is important to prevent accidental ingestion, which can be dangerous.
  5. Original packaging: Keep tablets in its original packaging or container. The packaging is designed to protect the medication from external factors and provide important information, such as expiry dates and dosage instructions.
  6. Check expiration date: Regularly check the expiration date on the Paracetamol packaging. Do not use the medication if it has expired. Expired medication may not be as effective and can potentially be harmful. Dispose of any expired or unused medication properly, following local regulations.

Proper storage of Paracetamol helps maintain its stability and ensures that it remains safe and effective for use.


An overdose of Acetaminophen can be potentially dangerous and may cause serious liver damage. It's important to take Paracetamol as directed and not exceed the recommended dosage. However, if an overdose does occur, it requires immediate medical attention. Here's what you need to know about overdose:

Symptoms of overdose: In the early stages, an overdose may not cause noticeable symptoms. However, as time passes, the following symptoms may develop:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain, particularly in the upper right side
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sweating
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Confusion or drowsiness
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat

Risk factors for liver damage: The risk of liver damage is higher in cases of Paracetamol overdose, especially when the maximum recommended daily dose (4,000 mg for adults) is significantly exceeded. Factors that can increase the risk of liver damage include alcohol consumption, pre-existing liver disease, and certain medications.

Treatment for overdose: In the case of a Paracetamol overdose, immediate medical attention is essential. Treatment options may include:

  • Gastric lavage (stomach pumping): To remove any unabsorbed medication.
  • Administration of activated charcoal: To absorb the Acetaminophen in the stomach and prevent further absorption.
  • N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment: This is the antidote for Paracetamol overdose and helps protect the liver from damage. NAC can be given orally or intravenously, depending on the severity of the overdose.

It is crucial to seek medical assistance or contact a poison control center immediately if you suspect a Paracetamol overdose. Prompt treatment can help minimize the risk of liver damage and improve outcomes.

Prevention is key in avoiding Paracetamol overdose. Always follow the recommended dosage instructions, do not exceed the maximum daily dose, and be cautious when taking combination products that may contain Paracetamol along with other medications.

Missed Doses

If you miss a dose of Acetaminophen, you can take it as soon as you remember. However, if it's close to the time for your next scheduled dose, it's advisable to skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Here are a few things to keep in mind regarding missed doses of Paracetamol:

  1. Timing: If you realize you missed a dose, take it as soon as possible. However, ensure that there is a sufficient time gap before your next scheduled dose. This helps maintain the appropriate dosing interval.
  2. Do not double dose: It's important not to take a double dose to make up for the missed one. Taking more than the recommended dose can increase the risk of side effects or potential overdose. Stick to the prescribed dosing schedule and do not exceed the maximum daily dose.

It's important to maintain a regular dosing schedule with Paracetamol to effectively manage pain or fever.

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